Babylon II

The first biblical reference to Babylon appears in Genesis 10-11 wherein Nimrod (a great-grandson of Noah) built the tower of Babel. The structure seen to the left of Babylon II might refer to this tower, as it is often portrayed as a succession of storeys, each narrorer than the one below. Epstein has also engaged with the idea of confusion and scattered activity. In Hebrew, ‘Babel’ means confusion. According to Genesis, Babel was a confused community; a result of God’s attempt to humble the pride of those who intended to create a city with a tower ‘with its tops in the heavens’.
In the bible, the citizens of Babylon are also repeatedly condemned for pagan worship. In Babylon II, this is represented by the presence of the Golden Calf. In the Old Testament, an idol of the Golden Calf is first made by Aaron (Exodus 32), and worshipped by the Hebrews in the wilderness of Sinai. There is also reference to the worship of a Golden Calf in Numbers 23 and 1 Kings 12.

by Jacob